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资源类别: 素材库 > 英语素材 > 高三英语素材
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  资源简介
    英语高考中词汇的辨析一直以来是学生比较头疼的考点。本资料总结了常见的单词、短语辨析,内容翔实,例句地道经典,便于识记。
    2011高考英语常用词汇辨析500例
    ◆ wash/wash away◇ wash表示“洗(手、衣服等)”,既可作及物动词,又可作不及物动词;◇ wash away表示“冲走”、“冲垮”、“洗掉”,作及物动词短语用。
    [EXERCISES]
    ①The flood some of the houses in the village. ②He his face and hands,then went downstairs. ③You must before dinner. (Keys: ①washed away ②washed ③wash)
    ◆ wear;have on;put on;dress;(be)in+颜色(服装、眼镜等)
    ◇ wear主要用于穿衣服、戴眼镜(手套、首饰、帽)等,以强调“穿(戴)着”的状态。例如:
    Mr Wu always wears a blue coat in winter. 吴老师冬天总是穿着一件蓝色大衣。
    ◇ have on作“穿(戴)着”解,同wear一样,也表状态,但不用于进行时态。例如:
    Xiao Wang has on a white shirt today.(=Xiao Wang is wearing a white shirt today.)
    小王今天穿着一件白衬衫。
    ◇ put on着重强调“穿(戴)上”的动作。例如:
    I like to put on my hat when I go out in winter. 冬天,我喜欢外出时戴上帽子。
    ◇ dress既可作及物动词,又可作不及物动词,所接宾语是人而不是衣、帽等物。例如:
    1)Her mother is dressing her. 她母亲正在给她穿衣服。
    2)The nurses are dressed in white. 护士穿着白衣服。
    ◇ “(be)in+颜色或服装、眼镜等”也表示“穿着”的状态,在句中作表语或定语。例如:
    He is in uniform today. 他今天穿着制服。
    ◆ work on/work at ◇ work on表示“从事”、“创作”、“进行”,后面接名词、代词或V-ing,强调做具体的事;还可表示“继续工作”、“努力说服”,既可作及物动词短语用,又可作不及物动词短语用。例如:
    Miss Liu is working on a new book.刘老师正在写一部新书。
    We'll work on till midnight.我们将继续工作到午夜。
    ◇ work at表示“致力于”、“从事于”、“研究”、“学习”,后面接名词、代词或V-ing,强调把时间和精力等用在某一方面的事情上,侧重于说明所从事的工作性质。例如:
    Mr.Zhang is working at a new invention.张先生正从事于一项新的发明。
    He has worked at this subject for many years.他研究这门学科已经好多年了。
    ◆ would do sth.; used to do sth.
    这两个短语都可以表示“过去经常做某事”,但区别是:
    ◇ would do sth.表示过去某一段时间内习惯性的行为、活动;
    used to do sth.在时间上主要是同现在对比,暗含“现在已不这样了”的意思;其后既可接表示动作的动词,也可接表示认知或状态的动词。



    2010高考英语常用词汇辨析500例V
    ◆ vast; huge
    两者都是形容词,意思是“巨大的、庞大的”。 在强调面积和范围的宽广或博大时,用vast;指体积或容量等方面“巨大、超过一般标准”时,用huge。如:
    This area is covered in vast forests. 这个地区被一片广阔无垠的森林覆盖。
    That’s a huge ship. 那艘船好大。
    ◆ very; right; just 三者都含有“正好;就是”之意,◇ very是形容词,用来修饰名词,位于the, this,my等限定词后;◇ right和just作副词,用来修饰谓语(常为动词be)或作状语的介词短语等,须放在the, this,my等限定词之前。如:
    At the very beginning of this term, they took an exam. 就在学期开始的时候,他们举行了一次考试。
    He is just the actor I want.他正是我所想要的演员。
    The police looked at the thief right in the eye.警察目不转睛地盯着小偷。


    2010高考英语常用词汇辨析500例U
    ◆ used to; be used to; get used to ◇ used to意为“过去常常(做某事)”,后接动词原形。常用来表示今昔对比,含“(现在)已不那样做了”之意。如:
    She used to work hard.她过去工作很努力。(暗指现在工作不努力了。)
    ◇ be used to 有两个含义:①“被用来做某事”,后接动词原形。②“习惯于;适应”,后接名词、代词或v-ing,表示一种状态。如:
    Computers are used to do many things for people now. 现在计算机被用来做许多事情。
    He is used to hard work. 他现在习惯于艰苦的工作。
    She isn’t used to living in the countryside now. 她不习惯在乡下生活。
    ◇ get used to 意为“习惯于”,表示一个动作,含“由不适应向适应的转变”,其后接名词、代词或v-ing。如: You’ll soon get used to the weather here.你很快就会适应这儿的天气。


    2010高考英语常用词汇辨析500例T
    ◆ take along; take care of; take place; take out
    1) Miss Wang ___ a handkerchief and blew her nose.
    2) Mr Zhang ___ some of his pictures in the hope of getting a job there.
    3) Since 1996, great changes ___ in our school.
    4) My grandmother was ill.I must stay at home to ___ her.
    析: ①took out。表示“拿出;掏出”。 ②took along。表示“携带;随身带着”,其中along是副词。 ③have taken place。表示“发生”,相当于一不及物动词,无被动语态。 ④take care of。表示“照料;照管;照顾”。
    ◆ tell ... from; tell ... between
    ◇ 二者均为习惯用法:tell A from B意为“区分A和B”,也可以说成tell the difference between A and B。如:
    Can you tell American English from British English﹖ 你能分辨出美国英语和英国英语吗?
    To tell the truth, I really can’t tell the differences between the Maori and American Indians.
    老实说,我真的分不清毛利人和印第安人。
    ◆ the same as;the same that ◇ the same as是表示“相似或同一类的人和事”之意。例如: Many of the sports were the same as they are now. 过去的很多体育项目和现在的一样。 This is the same book as Mr Wang lost. 这本书跟王先生丢失的那本一模一样。 ◇ 而the same that作“同一个人或同一件事”解。例如: This is the same book that Mr Wang lost. 这本书就是王先生丢失的那本书。 That is the same bike that I lost. 那辆自行车就是我丢失的那辆。
    ◆ think of/think about/think over ◇ 这三个词组都与“想”有关,但所表达的含义有所不同。 ◇ think of多用来指“想起,认为”。
    如:Last night,before I went to bed,I thought of my parents.昨晚我睡觉前,想起了我的父母。
    What do you think of that book?你认为那本书怎么样?
    ◇ think about 多用来指“考虑某事情或对某事进行思考”。
    如:Think about what you have done!想想你所做的这一切吧!
    ◇ think over意思是“仔细考虑,认真思考”。
    如:Before you answer this question,please think it over.在回答这个问题之前,请认真考虑一下。
    ◆ this kind of, of this kind ◇ 二者都表示“这种……”,但“this kind of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的数常与kind保持一致;“名词+of this kind”作主语时,谓语动词的数常与该名词保持一致。如: This kind of actress is easy to find but directors of this kind are scarce. 这种女演员不难找,可是这种导演却不多见。
    ◆ though;although;as ◇ 这三个词都可以表示“虽然”、“尽管”。though和although引导让步状语从句时,常可互换,只是although的语气更强一些。如:
    Though/Although it was late,the farmers kept on harvesting the crops by the lights of the tractors.
    ◇ 此外,though可以用于省略句,although很少这样用though引导的从句可以部分倒装,although引导的从句不用倒装语序。如:
    Though poor, he is always neatly dressed.
    Poor though I am, I can afford it.
    ◇ as表示“虽然”、“尽管”引导让步状语从句时,从句要用倒装语序,将表语、状语等置于句首。
    Tired as he was, he went on working with his workmates.
    Child as he is, he knows a lot about the computer.
    注意:as引导让步状语从句时,若充当表语的名词位于句首,则该名词前面不用冠词。
    ◆ through; over; across; into
    1) The PLA man jumped ___ the water to save the boy.
    2) The highway goes under the river ___ the tunnel.
    3) There is a bridge ___ the river.
    4) The ship sailed ___ the Atlantic.
    5) The students walked ___ the gate with Mr Liu.
    析: ①into。意为“进入;到……里”,含动作方向为由外向里之意。 ⑤through。意为“通过;穿过”,侧重于指从物体的中间穿过。 ③over。此处意为“(位置)横跨;在……上面”,表示动作时为“越过……”之意。 ④across。意为“横过;穿过”,一般指从房间、原野、海洋等一端横越到另一端或两个动作方向成十字交叉状。
    ◆ trip;journey;travel;tour
    ◇ trip是非正式用语,指短时间内往返的商业旅行或观光旅行。如:
    We went on a pleasant trip to the nearest seaside during our vacation.
    在假期里我们到最近的海滨作了一次愉快的旅行。
    ◇ journey常指由某一地点到另一地点的旅行,也指旅行的路程,是比较正式的用语。如:
    He made a long journey from Beijing to London. 他从北京到伦敦做了一次长途旅行。
    ◇ travel泛指旅行、游历,是最为普通的用语,但无路程的含义。如:
    He came home after five years of travel. 五年的旅行后,他回到家中。
    ◇ tour常指访问多处的观光旅行,常指周游后回到原出发地之意。如:
    Confucius began to make his tour among the states. 孔夫子开始周游列国。
    ◆ try on; try out
    ◇ try on指“试穿(衣服、鞋子)”及“试戴(帽子)”等,其中的on为副词,当宾语是代词时,该宾语要放在on之前;如果宾语是名词,该宾语放在on之前或之后均可。例如:
    try on a coat=try a coat on 试穿衣服 The new hat is for you.Please try it on. 这新帽子是给你的,请试试看。
    ◇ try out指“试验或试用”某种机器、理论或方法,其中的out为副词,当宾语是代词时,try out要分开用。例如:
    We tried out this new crop on a large area last year. 去年我们大面积试种这种新庄稼。 I'll try it out and see if it works. 我来试试看能否行得通。


    考试管理中心 2009-08-23 22:59
    2010高考英语常用词汇辨析500例T
    ◆ take along; take care of; take place; take out
    1) Miss Wang ___ a handkerchief and blew her nose.
    2) Mr Zhang ___ some of his pictures in the hope of getting a job there.
    3) Since 1996, great changes ___ in our school.
    4) My grandmother was ill.I must stay at home to ___ her.
    析: ①took out。表示“拿出;掏出”。 ②took along。表示“携带;随身带着”,其中along是副词。 ③have taken place。表示“发生”,相当于一不及物动词,无被动语态。 ④take care of。表示“照料;照管;照顾”。
    ◆ tell ... from; tell ... between
    ◇ 二者均为习惯用法:tell A from B意为“区分A和B”,也可以说成tell the difference between A and B。如:
    Can you tell American English from British English﹖ 你能分辨出美国英语和英国英语吗?
    To tell the truth, I really can’t tell the differences between the Maori and American Indians.
    老实说,我真的分不清毛利人和印第安人。
    ◆ the same as;the same that ◇ the same as是表示“相似或同一类的人和事”之意。例如: Many of the sports were the same as they are now. 过去的很多体育项目和现在的一样。 This is the same book as Mr Wang lost. 这本书跟王先生丢失的那本一模一样。 ◇ 而the same that作“同一个人或同一件事”解。例如: This is the same book that Mr Wang lost. 这本书就是王先生丢失的那本书。 That is the same bike that I lost. 那辆自行车就是我丢失的那辆。
    ◆ think of/think about/think over ◇ 这三个词组都与“想”有关,但所表达的含义有所不同。 ◇ think of多用来指“想起,认为”。
    如:Last night,before I went to bed,I thought of my parents.昨晚我睡觉前,想起了我的父母。
    What do you think of that book?你认为那本书怎么样?
    ◇ think about 多用来指“考虑某事情或对某事进行思考”。
    如:Think about what you have done!想想你所做的这一切吧!
    ◇ think over意思是“仔细考虑,认真思考”。
    如:Before you answer this question,please think it over.在回答这个问题之前,请认真考虑一下。
    ◆ this kind of, of this kind ◇ 二者都表示“这种……”,但“this kind of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的数常与kind保持一致;“名词+of this kind”作主语时,谓语动词的数常与该名词保持一致。如: This kind of actress is easy to find but directors of this kind are scarce. 这种女演员不难找,可是这种导演却不多见。
    ◆ though;although;as ◇ 这三个词都可以表示“虽然”、“尽管”。though和although引导让步状语从句时,常可互换,只是although的语气更强一些。如:
    Though/Although it was late,the farmers kept on harvesting the crops by the lights of the tractors.
    ◇ 此外,though可以用于省略句,although很少这样用though引导的从句可以部分倒装,although引导的从句不用倒装语序。如:
    Though poor, he is always neatly dressed.
    Poor though I am, I can afford it.
    ◇ as表示“虽然”、“尽管”引导让步状语从句时,从句要用倒装语序,将表语、状语等置于句首。
    Tired as he was, he went on working with his workmates.
    Child as he is, he knows a lot about the computer.
    注意:as引导让步状语从句时,若充当表语的名词位于句首,则该名词前面不用冠词。
    ◆ through; over; across; into
    1) The PLA man jumped ___ the water to save the boy.
    2) The highway goes under the river ___ the tunnel.
    3) There is a bridge ___ the river.
    4) The ship sailed ___ the Atlantic.
    5) The students walked ___ the gate with Mr Liu.
    析: ①into。意为“进入;到……里”,含动作方向为由外向里之意。 ⑤through。意为“通过;穿过”,侧重于指从物体的中间穿过。 ③over。此处意为“(位置)横跨;在……上面”,表示动作时为“越过……”之意。 ④across。意为“横过;穿过”,一般指从房间、原野、海洋等一端横越到另一端或两个动作方向成十字交叉状。
    ◆ trip;journey;travel;tour
    ◇ trip是非正式用语,指短时间内往返的商业旅行或观光旅行。如:
    We went on a pleasant trip to the nearest seaside during our vacation.
    在假期里我们到最近的海滨作了一次愉快的旅行。
    ◇ journey常指由某一地点到另一地点的旅行,也指旅行的路程,是比较正式的用语。如:
    He made a long journey from Beijing to London. 他从北京到伦敦做了一次长途旅行。
    ◇ travel泛指旅行、游历,是最为普通的用语,但无路程的含义。如:
    He came home after five years of travel. 五年的旅行后,他回到家中。
    ◇ tour常指访问多处的观光旅行,常指周游后回到原出发地之意。如:
    Confucius began to make his tour among the states. 孔夫子开始周游列国。
    ◆ try on; try out
    ◇ try on指“试穿(衣服、鞋子)”及“试戴(帽子)”等,其中的on为副词,当宾语是代词时,该宾语要放在on之前;如果宾语是名词,该宾语放在on之前或之后均可。例如:
    try on a coat=try a coat on 试穿衣服 The new hat is for you.Please try it on. 这新帽子是给你的,请试试看。
    ◇ try out指“试验或试用”某种机器、理论或方法,其中的out为副词,当宾语是代词时,try out要分开用。例如:
    We tried out this new crop on a large area last year. 去年我们大面积试种这种新庄稼。 I'll try it out and see if it works. 我来试试看能否行得通。


    考试管理中心 2009-08-23 22:59
    2010高考英语常用词汇辨析500例S
    ◆ satisfaction; content
    ◇ satisfaction“满足”,为名词,指达到希望时所感觉到的较强的满足感,其形容词为satisfactory(指事物,不可用人作主语)或satisfied(可用人作主语)。例如:
    His success gave me great satisfaction. 他的成功令我非常满意。 Your work is satisfactory. 你的工作令人满意。 I am satisfied at your success. 我对你的成功感到满意。
    ◇ content“满足”,为普通用语,语气较弱,其要求值不高,一般的事情只要过得去或没有什么不满就算content,可作名词或形容词(可用人作主语)。例如:
    He takes content in nothing. 他这人从不知足。 He takes content in everything. 他这人容易满足。 He is content to live in the countryside. 他满足于住在乡下。
    ◆ search;search for; search…for;in search of
    ◇ search vt.search sb.搜某人的身;search a place 搜某个地方。如:
    The policeman is searching a thief.那警察正在搜小偷的身。
    ◇ search for sb./sth.搜寻、寻找某人、某物。如:
    They searched for that man everywhere.他们到处寻找那个人。
    ◇ search…for sb./sth.搜……寻找某人、某物。如:
    They searched the woods for a lost child.他们在树林里搜寻一个丢失的孩子。
    ◇ insearch of中的search为名词,意为“寻找;寻求”。如:
    They went to Australia in search of gold.他们去澳大利亚寻找金子。
    ◆ search; search for; look for ◇ search用作及物动词,后跟“人”时,意为“搜身”;后跟地点名词时,表示“对某地进行搜查”。也可在宾语后加for短语,表示搜查具体目标。如: The policemen searched everyone at the party. 警察对参加聚会的每个人都进行了搜身。 The enemy searched the mountain for the Red Army, but they failed. 敌人在山上搜寻红军,但没找
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