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  资源简介
    Simulated College English Test 3
    ----Band Four----
    试卷一

    Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
    Section A Conversations
    Directions: (omit)

    1. A. The man would understand if he had Tom’s job.
    B. Tom could help him get a job on an airplane.
    C. Waiting on tables is an enjoyable job.
    D. She is tired of waiting for him there.
    2. A. She needs a watch that shows seconds.
    B. She can’t find the man’s stopwatch.
    C. She damaged something she borrowed from the man.
    D. She can’t assist the man tomorrow.
    3. A. She delivered a speech at the convention.
    B. She missed the convention.
    C. She helped to build a computer system.
    D. She works in the computer department.
    4. A. They should eat other kinds of food.
    B. He needs to rest before eating another hot dog.
    C. There are more hot dogs to eat.
    D. He won’t eat any more hot dogs during the game.
    5. A. It’s easy to run the business.
    B. Henry will not succeed.
    C. Henry is too busy to run the company.
    D. Henry has already run the company well.
    6. A. She’s excited about her wedding.
    B. She has several things to worry about.
    C. She’s feeling ill.
    D. She’s hoping to graduate.
    7. A. Candy.
    B. Cigarettes.
    C. Toys.
    D. Ten hours.
    8. A. The man didn’t go to the cinema.
    B. The woman had two tickets.
    C. The man went to the cinema.
    D. The woman gave the ticket to the man.
    9. A. At the information desk.
    B. On the platform.
    C. On the train.
    D. In a packing plant.
    10.A. They will eat lunch at the diner.
    B. They will eat their lunch in the park.
    C. Neither wish to eat lunch.
    D. They want to eat lunch at the diner.

    Section B (1) Passages
    Passage One
    Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage:
    11. A. A student who has missed several classes.
    B. A person who sells cosmetics.
    C. A washroom attendant.
    D. A science teacher.
    12. A. Students’ lab work can be made up.
    B. Lab work accounts for most of the final grade.
    C. Students must get permission to make up lab work.
    D. Materials and equipment in the lab must be used properly.
    13. A. One-quarter. C. One-half.
    B. One-third. D. Three-quarters.

    Passage Two
    Questions 14 to 16 are based on the following passage:
    14.A. Education during the Civil War.
    B. Post-Civil War developments in higher education.
    C. Current trends in technological education.
    D. Benefits for women in state universities.
    15.A. Two. C. Ten.
    B. Three. D. One hundred.
    16.A. It was well established.
    B. It was the same as that available to men.
    C. It was only available in the northern states.
    D. It was not highly developed.

    Passage Three
    Questions 17 to 20 are based on the following passage:
    17.A. Explaining the campus architecture to visitors.
    B. Providing orientation for new campus employees.
    C. Familiarizing new students with the campus.
    D. Advising students about which classes to take.
    18.A. Registration forms.
    B. A library card.
    C. A list of classes.
    D. A campus map.
    19.A. In the registrar’s office.
    B. In the library.
    C. In the math building.
    D. In the cafeteria.
    20.A. Move into their dormitories.
    B. Find their classrooms.
    C. Memorize campus landmarks.
    D. Complete their registration materials.

    Section B(2) Spot Dictation
    Directions: (omit)
    Labor’s concern over automation (1)__________________________on employment, and fears of major changes in jobs. In the main, labor has taken the view that (2)_________________________________. Eventually, (3)_________________________________________________ may well be an (4)_________________________________, since it is expected that vast industries (5)_______________________________________, maintaining, and repairing automation equipment. The interest of labor (6)___________________________________________ with a minimum of inconvenience and distress (7)______________________________. Also, union spokesmen emphasize that (8)________________________________ the increased production and lower costs (9)__________________________________ should be shared by workers (10)__________________________________, more leisure, and improved living standards.

    Section B(3) Compound Dictation
    Directions: (omit)
    In the United States, the family is still very much alive, despite its many ailments. The (S1) of Americans live with people to whom they are related by blood or (S2) . There are about 53 (S3) American families (including married couples that do not have children living with them). Most American couples have two or three children, though larger families are not (S4 ) .
    Typically, the family group that occupies one (S5) consists of parents and their unmarried children. (S6) and elderly people generally do not live with (S7) married children. (S8) .On holidays, members of the large family groups---- grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins-- often dine together. (S9)
    .The United States has more than a thousand cities with population between ten and twenty-five thousand. (S10)
    .

    Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
    Passage A
    The railroad industry could not have grown as large as it did without steel. The first rails were made of iron. But iron rails were not strong enough to support heavy trains running at high speeds. Railroad executives wanted to replace them with steel rails because steel was ten or fifteen times stronger and lasted twenty times longer. Before the 1870’s, however, steel was too expensive to be widely used. It was made by a slow and expensive process of heating, stirring, and reheating iron ore.
    Then the inventor Henry Bessemer discovered that directing a blast of air at melted iron in a furnace would burn out the impurities that made the iron brittle(易碎的,脆的). As the air shot through the furnace, the bubbling metal would erupt in showers of sparks. When the fire cooled, the metal had been changed, or converted, to steel. The Bessemer converter made possible the mass production of steel. Now three to five tons of iron could be changed into steel in a matter of minutes.
    Just then the demand for more and more steel developed. Prospectors discovered huge new deposits of iron ore in the Mesabi Range, a 120-mile-long region in Minnesota near Lake Superior. The Mesabi deposits were so near the surface that they could be mined with steam shovels.
    Barges and steamers carried the iron ore through Lake Superior to depots(仓库,储藏处) in the southern shores of Lake Michigan and Lake Erie. With dizzying(极快的)speed Gary, Indiana, and Toledo, Youngstown, and Cleveland, Ohio, became major steel-manufacturing centers. Pittsburgh was the greatest steel city of all.
    Steel was the basic building material of the industrial age. Production skyrocketed from seventy-seven thousand tons in 1870 to over eleven million tons in 1900.

    21.Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
    A. The Railroad Industry.
    B. Famous Inventors.
    C. Changing Iron into Steel.
    D. Steel Manufacturing Centers.
    22. According to the passage, the railroad industry preferred steel to iron because steel was _______.
    A. cheaper and more plentiful
    B. lighter, and easier to mold
    C. cleaner, and easier to mine
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