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资源类别: 教案库 > 英语教案 > 高一英语教案
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更新时间: 2010-06-14
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  资源简介
    中学生英语学习常见错误,特别适合教师备课之用
    中学生英语学习常见错误一览表
    A
    a 
    [误] I think it is an useful English dictionary.
    [正] I think it is a useful English dictionary.
    [析] 在不定冠词a与an的用法中要注意的一点是:an用在以元音开头的词之前;而a则用在以辅音开头的词之前。要特别注意的是以u字母打头的单词,如useful,university等,其第一个音标是[j],所以要特别予以注意。
    [误] I need a hour to finish this letter.
    [正] I need an hour to finish this letter.
    [析] 要注意hour和honest的第一个字母不发音。
    [误] My teacher is a unknown man, but he is a very good man.
    [正] My teacher is an unknown man, but he is a very good man.
    [析] 要注意以u打头的单词,它的发音为[]时,单数名词前要用an,如uncle等。
    [误] There is a "f" in the word "football".
    [正] There is an "f" in the word "football".
    [析] 英文字母单独使用时,如其第一个发音是元音时,其前面的不定冠词应该用an而不是a.
    [误] I have a little brother. He is a 8yearold boy.
    [正] I have a little brother. He is an 8yearold boy.
    [析] 要注意这些字母的第一个发音为元音,如eight, eleven等。

    able 
    [误] This bike is able to be repaired.
    [正] This bike can be repaired.
    [析] be able to 主要表达某事或某人具有某种能力去作某事,应译为"有本领"、"有能力"、"可以"作某事,如:I'm able to swim across this river. 而can可以用来表示具有接受能力或吸收能力。如:This radio can be repaired here.
    about 
    [误] This class is about to begin just now.
    [正] This class is about to begin.
    [析] 要注意be about to 是"将要"的意思,含有将来时之意,不要与表示过去时的时间状语连用。另外,be about to 一般用作书面语,对应的口语是be going to.

    about on 
    about与on都可以作"关于"讲,但却有所不同,例如:This book is about physics. 应译为"这是一本关于物理学的科普读物。"而:This book is on physics.则应译为"这是一本物理学方面的专著。"
    above 
    [误] The temperature is five degrees over zero.
    [正] The temperature is five degrees above zero.
    [析] 表达"在……上方"时,above与over是可以互换的,如:The sky is above(or over)our heads. 但是要表达在垂直方向上的上方时则应用above不可用over,如:The sun has risen above the horizon.
    [误] There is often thick cloud above the South of China in summer.
    [正] There is often thick cloud over the South of China in summer.
    [析] 当表达覆盖之意时,只可用over而不能用above.
    [误] There is a bridge above the river.
    [正] There is a bridge over the river.
    [析] 用来表达"从……上方越过"时不能用above只能用over,如:The plane flew over the city. 但要注意There is waterfall above the bridge. 则应译为"在桥的上游有一个瀑布。"
    across 
    [误] He ran across the wood.
    [正] He ran through the wood.
    [析] across是指某一动作在一平面内进行,而through则是指该动作在一三维立体空间的运动过程。如:The man came in through the window. He walked across the square.
    across 
    across的主要用法有两个。其一,意为"对面",如:There is a school just across the street. 其二,意为"横过",如:He walked across the street.
    afraid 
    [误] I dont't afraid of him.
    [正] I am not afraid of him.
    [析] 要注意"害怕"afraid一词在英语中不是动词,而是形容词,要与be动词连用。
    after 
    [误] Two weeks after he left.
    [正] Two weeks later he left.
    [正] He left after two weeks.
    [析] 要表达"在多少时间之后",英语中有两种表达法,即:用later时,要时间在前,如three hours later; 而用after时要时间在后,如after three hours.
    [误] My father will be back after a few hours.
    [正] My father will be back in a few hours.
    [析] 受中文的影响,这个介词常常被误用。当你要表达在一段时间内某个动作可以完成时,一定要用in,而不能用after,因为after是指在某一时间之后。例如:This work will be done in two days. 即表明在两天内这一工作一定会做完。而如用了after,即表示在两天之后,完成的时间是不确定的。
    after behind 
    after多用于表示顺序的前后,如:She walked in the line after Tom. 或用来表示"追赶",表示一种动态,如:He ran after Mary. 而behind多用于强调先进与落后,如:She is much behind the other girls in sewing. 或者用于表达"迟于",如:The train was ten minutes behind the time table. 或者与表示静态的动词连用,如:She hid herself behind the flowers.
    afternoon 
    [误] He worked very hard in a hot afternoon.
    [正] He worked very hard on a hot afternoon.
    [析] 习惯用的词组in the afternoon, 如果加入任何修饰词后其前面的介词in都要改为on,不论其修饰词在前还是在后,如:He swam in this river on the afternoon of June lst. 又如:Are you free on Sunday afternoon?
    against 
    [误] He against me.
    [正] He is against me.
    [析] 要注意against意为"反对",但它在英文中却不是动词,而是介词,如要讲反对某事或某人时则要加动词be, 如:He is against somebody/something.
    against for 
    against意为"反对"、"不赞成";而for则意为"同意",为其反意词。如:Are you for or against the plan?
    age 
    [误] He is twenty years old of age.
    [正] He is twenty.
    [正] He is twenty years old.
    [正] He is at the age of twenty.
    ago 
    [误] Tom's father has been dead five years ago.
    [正] Tom's father died five years ago.
    [析] ago意为由说话时算起,若干时间以前。它只能和一般动词过去时连用,而不要与完成时连用。
    [误] Yesterday I met a friend. We didn't see each other for a long time since we left the college twenty years ago.
    [正] Yesterday I met a friend. We hadn't seen each other for a long time since we left the college twenty years ago.
    [析] 要注意的是在本句是ago是用在由since引起的从句之中,只是从句应用过去时,但不影响主句的时态。
    agree 
    [误] Does the teacher agree to us?
    [正] Does the teacher agree with us?
    [误] Does he agree with our plan?
    [正] Does he agree with us?
    [析] agree with 指"同意某人的提议、建议、计划"等。如果要讲同意某项计划则要用agree to, 如:Do you agree to the plan?
    all 
    [误] The old man has two sons. All of them are workers.
    [正] The old man has two sons. Both of them are workers.
    [析] all是指三者或以上的全部,而both则是指"两者都"。
    [误] The all children are playing football now.
    [正] All the children are playing football now.
    [析] all作修饰词时其位置要在所有的修饰词之前,不论这些修饰词是定冠词、指示代词、形容词或名词,或代词的所有格。
    [误] You all are right.
    [正] You are all right.
    [析] all作同位语时其位置要置于be动词之后,实意动词之前,如:The teachers all work hard. 或用于第一助动词之后,如:The boys have all been waiting for their mothers.
    almost 
    [误] Nearly nobody thinks he is right.
    [正] Almost nobody thinks he is right.
    [析] nearly与almost是近意词,其含意差别不大,但是与否定词连用时要用almost, 例如:She brought almost no money with her. 此句中的almost不能用nearly替换。
    alone 
    [误] The old man lived lone but he didn't feel lonely.
    [正] The old man lived alone, but he didn't feel lonely.
    [析] alone, lone, lonely 三个词全具有"孤单、孤独"之意。但其用法不同:lone可以作定语,而alone则只能作表语,lonely则多指感情上与感觉上的孤独。
    already 
    [误] We are already for the work.
    [正] We are all ready for the work.
    [析] already 是副词,其意为"已经",如:He already knew about it. 而all ready为形容词意为"准备好"。
    already yet 
    already多用于肯定句中,例如:The students have already finished the work. 而yet则多用于疑问句与否定句中,如:Have you finished it yet? I haven't finished it yet.
    also 
    [误] I didn't find the dictionary also.
    [正] I didn't find the dictionary either.
    [析] 作为"也"讲,在否定句中要用either而不能用also.
    also too 
    also与too都可用在肯定句中表示"也",但also通常用于be动词或情态动词之后,如:I can also do it myself. 而too一般放于句尾。I'll attend his class, too.
    always 
    [误] Always he asked himself why he had come here.
    [正] He always asked himself why he had come here.
    [析] always一般不能用于句首,它在一般句中的位置是于动词之前第一助动词之后,如:I've always thought he is honest. 又如:He is always late.
    among 
    [误] If the three apples are divided among the two boys how much will each receive?
    [正] If the three apples are divided among the three boys how much will each receive?
    [析] among常用于三个事物或人物之间,而between则多用于两者之间。
    an 
    [误] This is an useful dictionary.
    [正] This is a useful dictionary.
    [析] 详见a条。
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