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资源类别: 试题库 > 英语试题 > 高等院校英语试题
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更新时间: 2009-09-24
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  资源简介
    A Test for English Grammar (A)
    (date)

    Instructions: This test consists of three sections, namely, fundamental concepts, grammatical competence and application of grammatical knowledge. Read each section carefully and give your correct answer to each item.
    I. Fundamental Concepts (20%):
    1) Which of the following statement is true (T)? And which of the following statement is false (F)? Make your own choice.
    1. The grammar of the English language is organized into five ranks: the sentence, the clause, the phrase, the word and the morpheme.
    2. In terms of word-formation, words can be divided into simple words, derivatives and compounds.
    3. The sentence is the lowest rank of grammatical unit. Based on one or more than one clause, the sentence is also the basic linguistic unit of connected discourse; it can stand alone and perform a function in social communication.
    4. The basic clause types and their variants can also be expanded into larger grammatical units through adding modifiers at various levels, and these larger units can again be expanded through coordination and subordination into compound, complex and compound-complex sentences.
    5. Choose a complex sentence from the following:
    A. The students have made better grades in the past few weeks.
    B. The students I teach have made better grades in the past few weeks.
    C. Most of us were in the hall, the doors had been closed, and the latecomers had to wait outside.
    2)In each example below, complete the paragraph by choosing the one option among a), b) or c) that makes the paragraph most coherent. The rest paragraph need not be changed.
    6. On the eastern shore of the Hudson River there lies a small market-town.
    A. There is a little valley among high hills, which is one of the quietest places in the whole world and which is not far from this village—perhaps about two miles.
    B. Not far from this village—perhaps about two miles—there is a little valley among high hills, which is one of the quietest places in the whole world.
    C. A little valley about two miles from this village lies among high hills. That is one of the quietest places in the whole world.

    A small stream passes through it, with just enough murmur to help one sleep; and the occasional whistle or call of a bird is almost the only sound that ever breaks the stillness.
    7. The clang, clang, clang of the trolley would be heard in every major city of the nation before World War II.
    A. But as people moved to the suburbs and built superhighways after the war, cars and buses replaced the electrically powered vehicles.
    B. But cars and buses replaced the electrically powered vehicles after the war, as people moved to the suburbs and built superhighways.
    C. But as people moved to the suburbs and built superhighways after the war, the electrically powered vehicles were replaced by cars and buses.

    Now, once again, city planners are looking into the possibility of building new trolley systems, because they are cheaper and cleaner than other forms of mass transportation.
    8. In the early 1960s, President Kennedy gave the United States two goals—to send a man to the moon by the end of the decade and to eliminate hunger “within our lifetime’. The first goal was achieved when two Americans landed on the moon in July 1969.
    A. But with the world’s population increasing faster than its capacity of feed itself, the changes of reaching the second goal are growing more remote.
    B. But the changes of reaching the second goal are growing more remote, because the world’s population is increasing faster than its capacity to feed itself.
    C. The world’s population is increasing faster than its capacity to feed itself, so the changes of reaching the second goal are growing more remote.
    9. Publishers have given us a new word: “novelization”. It refers to the practice of converting successful film scripts, like Star Wars.
    A. into novels. Reversing the long-established practice of turning novels into films.
    B. into novels. The long-established practice of turning novels into films is thus reversed.
    C. into novels, and thus suggests a reversal of the long-established practice of turning novels into films.
    10. An American company under government contract is often faced with the choice of buying American-made goods, which are expensive, and foreign-made goods, which are cheap. If the company buys American goods, it may anger taxpayers by failing to keep prices low.
    A. But if foreign goods are bought, the jobs of American workers may be endangered.
    B. But if it buys foreign goods, it may endanger the jobs of American workers.
    C. But the jobs of American workers may be endangered if foreign goods are bought.

    Confronting the issue, Congress has passed a law compelling American companies with government contracts to give preference to domestic goods and services.
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